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Nepal has 9 National Parks, 3 Wildlife Reserves, and 3 Conservation Areas occupying 16% of its geographical area. To name them;
National Parks: ( Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, Rara National Park, Khaptad National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, Shey-Phoksundo National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, and Shivapuri National Park)
Wildlife Reserves: ( Shukla Phant Wildlife Reserve, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Koshi-Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Parsa Wildlife Reserve)
Conservation Area : (Annapurna Conservation Area, Manaslu Conservation Area, Kanchenjunga Conservation Area)
Among all above Chitwan and Bardiya National Parks are world famous in terms of jungle safari. A trip to Nepal is incomplete if you have not done one of these Jungle safaris. The tropical jungle which is in very close proximity of Kathmandu and Pokhara preserve rare wildlife in the subcontinent. The attraction of the National Park is the Bengal Tigers, single horn Rhinos, Wild Elephants etc. while the others serve as the natural habitat to thousands of animals including Snow-Leopard,Gharials, Crocodiles, Ram, Bob Cats, endangered Red Panda, Elks, Deers, Anteplores, Kasturi, monkeys, hundreds of birds (in fact Arun Valley has the largest population of birds (650+) and butterflies (800+) in the entire world), and butterflies.
To experience the Chitwan and Bardiya National Parks you can ride on the back of Elephant, hire 4 WD or jungle walk and go on Machan to observe wild animals. The park offers protection to 56 species of mammals including the one horned rhinoceros, Bengal Tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wild elephant, striped hyena, Gangetic dolphin and wild bison. There are an estimated species of birds, 126 species of fish, 590 species of butterflies and 47 species of reptiles in the park. A recent study also points out the over a third of Nepal total population is in Chitwan. The park is spread over an area of 932 sq.km and located in the lowlands of the country. The forest cover is predominantly sal, interspersed with tall grasslands, small hills, ox-bow lakes and flood plains.